Diseases That Affect The Urinary System

Urinary system is also called the excretory system which helps to remove the water soluble waste products from the body in the form of urine. The function of the urinary system is to produce, store and remove the urine excreted by the kidneys. The urinary stem is made up of urethra, 2 kidneys, two ureters and two sphincter muscles. There are certain diseases which affect the urinary system and they are stated below:

Urinary Tract Infections: The UTI or Urinary Tract Infection happens when the bacteria enters the urinary tract and affect the bladder, kidneys and urethra. UTI are more common in women but it can certainly affect men as well which are treated with the help of antibiotics. 

Cystitis: Cystitis is a common urinary system disease in which the bladder is inflamed because of the infection caused by bacteria. The symptoms include are, increased frequency of the urination, pelvic pain, sharp pain while urinating. 

Urethritis: Swelling in urethra is also known as urethritis. This disease is more common in young boys and men. A sharp burning sensation or pain is experienced by the person while urinating and even during erection or discharge is faced by men. 

Nocturia: Nocturia is the urinary system disease in which the patient frequently urinates at the night and it disturbs sleeps. This condition is more common in old people and in this condition the urine produced is more than what can be held by the bladder and one needs to get up frequently at night to urinate. 

Nephrosis: Nephrosis is caused when glomeruli gets damaged. Apart from filtering waste and liquid from the body, the proteins are also filtered via glomeruli. This disease is more common in children but can also affect elderly people. One faces swelling in ankles, feet, abdomen and the area around the eyes. 

Nephritis: Inflammation in one or both kidneys causes nephritis. It can be acute or chronic where acute can be treated easily but chronic nephritis may result in death. It can be caused by the drug allergies, bacterial infections, viral infections, toxic disorders, etc. 

Glomerulonephritis: In this condition the glomeruli of the kidneys gets swelled up. It causes swelling in kidneys and ankles and puffiness on the face. The Glomeruli are affected because of high blood pressure, fatigue, diabetes, immune disorders, etc. 

Bladder stones: The stones are created in the urinary bladder for which the main reason is the urine staying in the bladder for a long time which gets crystallized and form stones. The prostate enlargement causes stone in men. It causes blood in urine, pain while urinating, abdominal pain, etc. 

Chronic Renal failure: The functioning of the normal kidney declines to some extent in this disease. It causes hiccups, fatigue, nausea, high blood pressure, etc. There is no cure for this condition but the symptoms are controllable. 

Enlarged Prostate glands: Men above the age of 60 years face this problem. It can block the flow of urine if left untreated and may also cause urinary tract infection, gall stones, kidney problems, etc.